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Enforcement Leadership

By prioritizing its enforcement mission, BIS Export Enforcement has evolved over the past nearly 40 years into a sophisticated law enforcement agency with criminal investigators, enforcement analysts, and compliance specialists who are singularly focused on export and antiboycott enforcement, and work closely together with licensing officers within a single bureau of the government. It consists of the Office of Export Enforcement (OEE), the Office of Enforcement Analysis (OEA), and the Office of Antiboycott Compliance (OAC).

Export enforcement leadership

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Matthew S. Axelrod
Assistant Secretary for Export Enforcement

Matthew S. Axelrod

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Matthew S. Axelrod

Assistant Secretary for Export Enforcement

Matthew S. Axelrod currently serves as the Assistant Secretary for Export Enforcement at the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security, a position to which he was unanimously confirmed by the United States Senate in December 2021.

In this capacity, Matt leads a cadre of special agents and analysts dedicated to a singular mission – keeping our country’s most sensitive technologies out of the world’s most dangerous hands. Matt and his team help protect U.S. national security by enforcing the country’s export control laws. They work to prevent exports of sensitive goods and technologies that can be put to malign purposes like weapons-of-mass-destruction proliferation, military and military-intelligence applications, terrorism, and human rights abuses. They also work to ensure that U.S. persons do not participate in unsanctioned foreign boycotts. Matt also co-leads the Disruptive Technology Strike Force, an interagency law enforcement strike force that targets illicit actors, protects supply chains, and prevents critical technology from being acquired by authoritarian regimes and hostile nation-states.

A longtime public servant with deep criminal and national security enforcement experience, Matt previously spent over thirteen years at the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), serving as an Assistant United States Attorney in the Southern District of Florida and then in a series of high-level jobs at DOJ headquarters. From 2015 to 2017, Matt served as the Principal Associate Deputy Attorney General, one of DOJ’s highest-ranking officials. In that role, he advised the Deputy Attorney General and Attorney General on DOJ’s most significant issues, including the most consequential criminal and national security enforcement matters. Matt directly supervised a staff of twenty-five lawyers and helped to oversee DOJ’s workforce of 113,000 employees, including all of its prosecutors and law enforcement agents. In 2021, he rejoined DOJ on Inauguration Day as part of the senior leadership team, serving as Senior Counselor in the Office of the Deputy Attorney General.

Matt has also previously served as Special Counsel in the Office of the White House Counsel, where he worked on both domestic and national security matters, and as a partner in an international law firm, where he did internal investigations and white-collar defense work on behalf of companies and individuals. Matt was also one of the founding corps members at City Year, a forerunner and inspiration for the eventual AmeriCorps national service program.

Matt received his B.A. cum laude from Amherst College and his J.D. from Yale Law School, where he was Notes Editor for the Yale Law Journal. Following law school, Matt clerked for the Honorable Ralph K. Winter, Jr. on the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, and for the Honorable Janet C. Hall on the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut.


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Kevin J. Kurland
Deputy Assistant Secretary for Export Enforcement

Kevin Kurland

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Kevin J. Kurland

Deputy Assistant Secretary for Export Enforcement

Mr. Kurland is responsible for implementing BIS’s export enforcement program, overseeing a dedicated team of analysts and Special Agents that enforce BIS’s export control and antiboycott missions. BIS Special Agents are located in 30 domestic locations and seven embassies/consulates around the globe.

Mr. Kurland previously served as BIS’s Deputy Chief of Staff-Policy for the Under Secretary for Industry and Security from 2019-2021, Director of the Office of Enforcement Analysis from 2011-2021, and member of the White House Task Force on Export Control Reform from 2009-2017.

Mr. Kurland also previously served BIS as Acting Chief of Staff for Export Administration from 2009-2011, Director of the Office of Technology Evaluation from 2006-2011, and Director of the Treaty Compliance Division from 2002-2006.

Prior to joining BIS in 1997, he worked as an international trade analyst at Graham & James, LLC.

Mr. Kurland holds an M.A. in Comparative Regional Studies Europe from The American University and a B.A. in International Relations from Syracuse University.

In December 2021, Mr. Kurland was awarded the Presidential Rank Meritorious Executive Award.


Enforcement offices

  • Office of Enforcement Analysis

    Evaluates all-source information, including publicly available and government-privileged information, to provide information to inform adjudication of export control license applications.

  • Office of Export Enforcement

    Protects U.S. national security, foreign policy, and economic interests by investigating violations, prosecuting violators of export control laws, interdicting illegal exports, and educating parties to export transactions on how to improve export compliance practices.

  • Office of Antiboycott Compliance

    Administers and enforces the antiboycott provisions set out in Part 760 of the EAR.

Office of the Export Enforcement Field Offices

Legal Disclaimer: This is an in-progress website that incorporates new tools to access and use BIS regulations. Results from this website may be inaccurate or incomplete and should not be relied upon for compliance with the EAR. Please continue to utilize the existing BIS site or the eCFR for accessing the regulations.